A. Jesus Makes His Way to Jerusalem
Scripture: Luke 13:22
Notes: Notice that only Luke records the journey.
Questions/Observations: There is a break in Luke's narrative between Luke 13:22 & Luke 13:23. All of John 10:22-39 occurs in that break. In the narrative of Luke 13:23 Jesus is already in Perea, after the feast of Dedication (cf. John 10:40).
B. At the Feast of Dedication, Jesus Claims to Be One with the Father
Scripture: John 10:22-39
In John 10:24, Jesus's enemies insist that He tell them plainly that He is the Christ. What is their purpose in this?
Notice that in His reply, Jesus is "wise as a serpent." Trace His strategy here carefully.
Notice that in John 10:33, the Pharisees are explicit as to what they perceive to be Jesus's crime.
Notice that in two places in this account, we are told that Jesus's enemies took enraged steps to be rid of Him (John 10:31 and John 10:39). Jesus contrives to escape from their hands, but notice that the anger of His enemies has by now metastasized to murderous intent, even if impulsive and frustrated.
C. Jesus Retreats Across the Jordan River to Perea
Scripture: John 10:40-42
Notes: This is often denominated Jesus's "Perean Ministry." While the title is appropriate, it needs to be emphasized that Jesus resorts to this place for one reason - His life is in real danger in Judea.
The political dynamics of the 1st century are essential to understand Jesus's travels and tactics here, as well as those of His enemies. By traveling to Perea, Jesus has left the jurisdiction of Pilate (who could be made to do the bidding of the Jewish leadership) for that of Herod Antipas (who was not vulnerable to political manipulation as was Pilate).
Jesus ministers in Perea for a time, probably primarily to Jews who traveled there to hear Him.
Adapted from the Life of Christ study notes of Dr. Doug Bookman, professor of New Testament Exposition at Shepherds Theological Seminary (used by permission).
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